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 1. Review of forms in HTML, Introduction to cascading style sheets (CSS), defining and applying CSS. Java Script: Features, tokens, data types, variables, operations, control structs, likes, strings arrays, functions, core language, objects, client side objects, event handling. Applications related to client side form validation.


 2. Fundamentals of Java: Java Vs. C++, Byte Code, Java virtual machine, constants, variables, data types, operators, expressions, control structures, defining class, creating objects, accessing class members, constructions, method overloading. String handling. Inheritance : Basics, member access, using super to call super class constructors, creating a multi level hierarchy, method overriding, dynamic method dispatch, using abstract classes, using Final.


3. Packages and Interfaces: Defining a package, understanding CLASSPATH, Access protection: Importing packages, Interfaces, Defining an Interface, Implementing Interfaces, Applying Interfaces, Variables in Interfaces. Exception Handling: Fundamentals, Exception types, Using Try and Catch, Multiple Try and Catch clauses, Nested Try statements, Built–in exceptions.


4. Multi-threaded Programming: The Java Thread model, Thread priorities, Synchronizations, Messaging. The thread class and runnable interface, The Main Thread : Creating a Thread, Implementing Runnable, Extending Thread, Creating Multiple Threads, Thread Priorities; Synchronizations : Methods, Statements, Inter Thread Communication, Deadlock, Suspending, Resuming and Stopping Threads. I/O Applets : I/O Basics : Streams, The predefined streams; Reading console I/P, Writing console O/P. The print writer class; Reading and Writing files. Applet fundamentals, Using AWT controls: AWT Classes, Adding and Removing Controls, Responding to Controls, Controls and their classes, Graphics and Text , Layout Managers: Understanding Layout Manager, FlowLayout, BorderLayout, GridLayout, CardLayout. Menus, Event handling: Two Event Handling Mechanisms, Delegation Event Model (Events, Event Sources, Event Classes, Event Listeners, Sorces of Events, Event Listener Interfaces, Handling Mouse and Keyboard Events. (


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1. Environment Concept: Introduction, the concept of biosphere – lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere; Natural resources – their need and types; Principles and scope of Ecology; concepts of the ecosystem, population, community, biotic interactions, biomes, ecological succession.

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Need, Scope and approaches for project formulation; the structure of project report; study and analysis of sample project report; preparation of a project report; Techno- economic feasibility of the project. (No. of Periods : 25)

2. Finance & Accounting :

Working capital assessment, its management & exercise thereon; Assessment of fixed capital and exercise thereon; Capital budgeting; Product costing and cost consciousness. Financial ratios and their significance; Break-even analysis; Credit institutions and financing procedures; Books of accounts, financial statements & fund flow analysis.

3. Managing the Enterprise:

Resource management – men, material, money, and machines; Personnel management, Office management. E-Commerce: Introduction to E-Commerce, Benefits, Impact of E-Commerce, Classification of E-Commerce, Application of E-Commerce.

4. Rules & Regulations: