Principles of Object Oriented Programming(OOP); Introduction to OOP, Difference between OOP and Procedure Oriented Programming; Concepts: Object, Class, Encapsulation, Abstraction, Polymorphism and Inheritance, Applications of OOP. Special operators: scope resolution operator, Member Dereferencing operators, Memory management operators, Manipulators and Type cast operator Structure of a C++ Program.
Classes and Objects : Class Declaration : Data Members, Member Functions, Private and Public members, Creating Objects, Accessing class data members, Accessing member functions; Class Function Definition: Member Function definition inside the class declaration and outside the class declaration.
Friend function, inline function, Static members, Function Overloading, Arrays within a class. Arrays of Objects; Objects as function arguments: Pass by value, Pass by reference, Pointers to Objects. Constructors: Declaration and Definition, Types of Constructors, (Default, Parameterized, Copy Constructors).
Destructors: Definition and use. Operator Overloading
Type Conversion: Conversion from basic type to user defined type, User-defined to basic type and one user-defined conversion to another user defined type.
Inheritance: Extending Classes Concept of inheritance, Base class, Defining derived classes, Visibility modes : Public, Private, Protected ;
Types of Inheritance: Single inheritance : Privately derived, Publicly derived; Making a protected member inheritable, multilevel inheritance, multiple Inheritance and ambiguity of multiple inheritance, Hierarchal Inheritance, Hybrid, Nesting of classes.
Polymorphism: Definition, Application and demonstration of Data Abstraction, Encapsulation and Polymorphism. Early Binding, Polymorphism with pointers, Virtual Functions, Late binding, pure virtual functions.
Exception Handling: Definition, Exception Handling Mechanism : Throwing mechanism and Catching Mechanism, Rethrowing an Exception
File Processing: Opening and closing of file, Binary file operations, structures and file operations, classes and file operations, Random file processing.