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1. Computer Organisation : Evolution of Computers, Stored program concept and Von Neumann Architecture, Information representation and codes, Combinatorial Blocks : Gates, Multiplexers, Decoders, Encoders, Sequential Building blocks : Flip-Flops, Registers, Counters, Arithmetic algorithms : Addition and subtraction for signed magnitude and 2's complement numbers, integer multiplication using shift and add, Booth's algorithms, Integer and floating point representation.


 2. Architecture of a Simple Processor : An instruction set, Addressing Modes, Instruction formats, Instruction execution in terms of Microinstructions, Concept of interrupt and simple I/O organisation, I/O organization : Strobe-based and Handshake based communication, Vector and priority interrupts, DMA-based data transfer; CPU organisation with large registers, Stacks and handling of interrupts and subroutines. Concept of Bus, data movement among registers, data movement from/to memory.


3. Memory Organisation: RAM, Basic cell of static and dynamic RAM, Building large memories using chips, Associative memory, Cache memory organisation, Virtual memory organisation. Assembly Language Programming: Machine and assembly language, Pseudo operations, subroutines in assembly language, Assembly language programs:- To add/subtract two numbers, Program to input/output one character, Program to demonstrate the use of subroutines. Register Transfer Language and micro-operations; Language to represent conditional data transfer, Arithmetic and logical operations along with register transfer.


4. System Maintenance, Physical Inspection of a PC and internal cards, Diagnostics on a PC, Functional description of various modules and cards. PC Doctor, Norton, Semantic, Steps of Diagnostics. Viruses, Types of viruses. Detection, Protection and Cure of Viruses on a PC.


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Data Structures  
1. Basic Concepts and Notations, Introduction to Complexity, Data Structure and Data Structure operations. Applications of Data Structure. Basic data Structures: Arrays: Introduction, Types of Array, Memory representation, Applications and operations. Stacks and queue: Introduction, memory representation, Applications and operations 
(No. of Periods : 15) 
 2. Linked List: Operations:-traversing, searching, inserting, deleting, operations on header linked list, circular linked list, doubly linked list, memory representation, Applications, polynomial manipulation. 
( No. of Periods : 15) 

3. Trees – Definition and Basic concepts, Representation in Contiguous Storage, Binary Tree, Binary Tree Traversal, Searching, Insertion and deletion in Binary trees, Binary Search tree, AVL trees.
 (No. of Periods : 15)
4. Searching: Binary and Linear Search. Sorting: Bubble sort, Insertion sort, Selection sort, Merge Sort, Radix sort, Quick sort, S…


SyllabusBCA-2nd Year: SECTION-A 
 1. Computer Arithmetic :Floating Point Numbers, operations, normalizations and    their consequences, Errors and its types. 
 2. Iterative Methods :Bisection, False-Position, Newton - Raphson Methods,  Zeros of a polynomial using Birge – Vieta Method. 

(No. of Periods : 15)
3.Simultaneous Linear Equations : Solution of Simultaneous Linear Equations Using Gauss - Elimination, Gauss-Jordan and Gauss-Seidal Methods, Concept of Pivoting.  
4.Interpolation:  Lagrange,  Newton  forward,  Newton  Backward,  Divided  Difference, Newton forward difference, Newton Backward difference, Numerical  Integration: Trapezoidal, Simpson’s 1/3, Simpson’s 3/8, Weddle and Runga–    Kutta Methods: 2nd order & 4th order.

      (No. of Periods : 15) 

5. Measures of Central Tendency:Peparing Frequency distribution table, Arithmetic mean, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean, Median and Mode.        6. Measures  of  Dispersion,  Skewness and Kurtosis,  Range :Mean   d…



The syllabus has 15 topics to be covered in 25-hour lectures in total, with 2 lectures in each topic from 2 to 11 and one each for the topics 1 and 12 to 15.

1. Environment Concept: Introduction, the concept of biosphere – lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere; Natural resources – their need and types; Principles and scope of Ecology; concepts of the ecosystem, population, community, biotic interactions, biomes, ecological succession.

2. Atmosphere: Parts of atmosphere, components of air; pollution, pollutants, their sources, permissible limits, risks and possible control measures.

3. Hydrosphere: Types of aquatic systems; Major sources (including ground water) and uses of water, problems of the hydrosphere, fresh water shortage; pollution and pollutants of water, permissible limits, risks and possible control measures.

4. Lithosphere: Earth crust, soil – a life support system, its texture, types, components, pollution and pollutants, reasons of soil erosion and poss…