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HISTORY AND CULTURE OF PUNJAB ( BCA 1st SEMESTER )

HISTORY AND CULTURE OF PUNJAB FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO 1849

UNIT I

 1. Harappan Civilization: extent and town planning; socio-economic life. 
 2. Vedic    Age: socio-economic life; development of caste; position of women. 
 3. Religion: Vedic religion; impact of Buddhism and Jainism on the region. 

 UNIT II

4. Society and Culture c. 1000 A.D.: Socio-economic life; religious life; education 5. Cultural Reorientation: main features of Bhakti; origin and development of    Sufism 
6.Society and Culture c. 1500A.D: socio-economic life under the Lodhis; religious  beliefs and practices- Vaisnavism, Shaivism, Shaktism, Islam. 

 UNIT III 

7. Sikhism: New ideology of Guru Nanak; evolution of Sikh community guruship,manji,Masand; new institutions-gurdwara, Sangat-Pangat.
8. Transformation of Sikhism: martyrdom of Guru Arjan; martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur; impact. 
9. Institution of Khalsa: new baptism; significance 


UNIT IV 

10. Changes in Society: social unrest; emergence of new rulers-rakhi, Gur Mata,  dal Khalsa. 
11. Society and Culture under Maharaja Ranjit Singh: social mobility; painting and  architecture; literature. 
12. MAP: Major Historical Places: Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Sanghol, Ropar,  Lahore, Amritsar, Kiratpur, Anandpur Sahib, Tarn Taran, Machhiwara, Goindwal,  Khadur Sahib.






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