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Computer Fundamentals and Computing Software


Computer Appreciation: Introduction to computers, characteristics of computer; History of computers; Classification of computers on size: Micro, Mini, Mainframe and super computers, Working Principles, Generations; Applications of computers; commonly used terms–Hardware, Software, Firmware; Basic Computer Organization: Block diagram of computer system, Input unit, Processing Unit and Output Unit; Description of Computer input devices: Keyboard, Mouse, Trackball, Pen, Touch screens, Scanner, Digital Camera; Output devices: Monitors, Printers, Plotters. Computer Memory: Representation of information: BIT, BYTE, Memory, Memory size; Units of measurement of storage; Main memory: Storage evaluation criteria, main memory organization, RAM, ROM, PROM, EPROM; Secondary storage devices: Sequential Access Memory, Direct Access Memory Magnetic Tapes, Magnetic disks, Optical disks: CD, DVD; Memory storage devices: Flash Drive, Memory card; Types of software: System and Application software; Programming Languages: Generation of Languages; Translators - Interpreters, Compilers, Assemblers and their comparison. 


Understanding Operating System using DOS : Introduction to operating systems and its functions, DOS and versions of DOS, Booting sequence; Warm and Cold Boot; Concepts of files and directories, Redirecting command input and output using pipes, Wildcard characters, Types of DOS commands: Internal and External; Internal Commands: DIR, MD, CD, CLS, COPY, DATE, DEL, PATH, PROMPT, REN, RD, TIME, TYPE, VER, VOL; External Commands: XCOPY, ATTRIB, BACKUP, RESTORE, FIND, SYS, FORMAT, CHKDSK, DISKCOPY, LABEL, MOVE, TREE, DELTREE, DEFRAG, SCANDISK, UNDELETE. Batch Files: Introduction to simple batch files; Introduction to CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files. Understanding Graphical User Interface using Windows: Fundamentals of Windows, Types of Windows, Anatomy of windows, Icons, Recycle bin, Operations on Folders, Registry of Windows: Basics, Editing; Control panel. 

 Word Processing Package: Opening, saving and closing an existing document; renaming and deleting files; Using styles and templates: Introduction to templates and styles; applying, modifying and creating new (custom) styles; using a template to create a document, creating a template, editing a template, organizing templates, examples of style use, Changing document views, Moving quickly through a document, Working with text: select, cut, copy, paste, find and replace, inserting special characters, setting tab stops and indents, Checking spelling and Grammar, Autocorrect, Using built-in language tools, word completion, Autotext, Formatting text: Using Styles, formatting paragraphs, formatting characters, autoformatting, creating lists; Formatting pages: Using layout methods, creating headers and footers, Numbering pages, Changing page margins, Adding comments to a document, Creating a table of contents, Creating indexes and bibliographies, Printing a document, Using mail merge, Tracking changes to a document, Using fields, Linking to another part of a document, Using master documents, Creating fill-in forms. 


Spreadsheet Package: Introduction to Spreadsheets, sheets and cells; Opening and saving spreadsheet files; Working with sheets: inserting new sheet, deleting and renaming sheets, Viewing a spreadsheet: freezing rows and columns, splitting screen, Entering data: cell referencing, formatting cells, entering numbers, entering numbers as text, entering formulae, entering date and time, deactivating automatic changes, Speeding up data entry: using fill tool, fill series, defining fill series, Validating cell contents, Formatting data: formatting text, numbers, cells, Autoformatting cells and sheets, defining new autoformat, Using conditional formatting, Hiding and showing data, Sorting records, Printing a spreadsheet document: using print ranges, page formats, inserting page breaks, headers and footers; Working with Graphs and Charts : Creating Embedded Chart, formatting chart: Changing chart types, adding Titles, Legends and Gridlines, Printing Charts; Adding database functions: defining database ranges, sorting, filtering and grouping database ranges; Evaluating data: using DataPilot; Functions and Macros: using and editing existing macro, Creating Macros, Recording Macros, Running Macros. Presentation Packages: Basics of creating a presentation, Parts of main window, workspace views, creating a presentation, Incorporation of Animation.

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